330 million affected by severe drought and water shortage across India

Southern and Eastern India are struggling with the consequences of severe droughtA period of abnormally dry weather long enough to cause a serious hydrological imbalance. Drought is a relative term, therefore any discussion in terms of precipitation deficit must refer to the particular precipitation-related activity that is under discussion. For example, shortage of ... caused by an early season heat wave and the lack of relief from monsoon rainRain is liquid water in the form of droplets that have condensed from atmospheric water vapor and then precipitated—that is, become heavy enough to fall under gravity. Rain is a major component of the water cycle and is responsible for depositing most of the fresh water on the Earth. It .... Dangerously high temperatures have so far claimed over 160 lives while 330 million people are affected by the conditions.

The majority of the victims were laborers and farmers across the states of Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, and Odisha, according to media reports. 55 people died in Odisha, at least 45 in Andra Pradesh, and 66 deaths are attributed to heat-related conditions in Telangana, although this remains to be s. However, temperatures in other parts of the country have climbed to 45 °C (113 °F), as well.

According to Y.K. Reddy, a state’s meteorologists, the current temperatures are between 4 and 5 °C (8 to 10 °F) higher than average ones for the month of April and are more common in May. April 16, and local officials in Andra Pradesh organized to give out free waterClimate change is expected to exacerbate current stresses on water resources from population growth and economic and land-use change, including urbanisation. On a regional scale, mountain snow pack, glaciers and small ice caps play a crucial role in freshwater availability. Widespread mass ... and buttermilk to those affected. People have been advised to stay indoors whenever possible during the hottest time of the day.

Severe water shortage caused by the drought is strongly affecting the population. According to media reports, thousands of farmers have committed suicide, tens of thousands of farm animals have died, and cropsA crop is any cultivated plant, fungus, or alga that is harvested for food, clothing, livestock fodder, biofuel, medicine, or other uses. have been lost. Tankers of water have been sent to farming communities in Maharashtra. People have been banned from drilling deep wells, and farmers have been instructed to stop growing sugarcane crops, which swallow large amounts of water.

Record-high temperatures have been reported from other parts of the world, as well. According to US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the global average temperature recorded in March 2016 was 12.7°C (54.9°F), which was not only the highest March temperature ever recorded, but also continues a record 11-month track that started in May 2015.

This is the second year in a row that the southern India has experienced a deadly heat waveA period of abnormally hot weather. Heat waves and warm spells have various and in some cases overlapping definitions (IPCC-SREX, 2014). About 2 500 people died last year as hot conditions wrapped the country. To educate the people on the risks of high temperatures and prepare them for the conditions, the city of Bhubaneshwar, the capitalWealth in the form of money or other assets owned by a person or organization or available for a purpose such as starting a company or investing. of Odisha, Nagpur in Maharashtra, and Ahmedabad in Gujarat have launched a heat wave program. The program provides the instructions on how to keep cool, and information on shelters and trained medical workers to help cope with heat-related illnesses such as stroke and dehydration.

According to officials, eagerly expected relief from monsoon rains is unfortunately still weeks away.

Featured image credit: Kaustav das Modak (CC-Flickr)

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