The term "robot" refers to appliances and machines that are monitored and controlled by a computer. They are used extensively to ease human workload. Robots are designed to perform repetitive chores quickly and efficiently as compared to human beings. Robots are used in various types of industries, as they help save on labor costs.
Industrial robots find application in tasks such as repairing, welding, painting, grouping, allocating, product inspection and testing. Vehicle and manufacturing industries use these appliances to design auto parts, gather equipment and scrutinize manufactured parts. Industrial robots are substituted for manpower in perilous jobs, which require carrying out hazardous and unsafe tasks.
Industrial robots are commonly used to locate ships, control and clean nuclear waste, to discover and study underwater mineral deposits, and for volcanic examination. They are also used in space voyages and for the exploration and study of planets. In the medical field, industrial robots have been used to support surgeons and to assist with operations. Of late, robot technology has developed to the point where these appliances can operate on patients independently, with the doctor controlling it located in another part of the world.
The most commonly used robot designs for industrial use are the articulated, SCARA and gantry types. Predominant type of industrial robots in use is a robot arm, which are very independent. Unimation were pioneers in producing industrial robots. These appliances are designed by connecting communication cables to the Ethernet, FireWire, or serial ports of a computer.
These are most commonly used in Japan, Western Europe and the United States. Some tasks robots perform include loading, casting, drilling, glass making, grinding, heat treatments, monitoring radiation, etc. In modern times, due to rise in complexities and demand for higher and competent productivity, industrial robots are gaining popularity. The use of robots has helped industrial development to grow in leaps and bounds, well beyond expectations.