Anyone who has looked for information about autism, has found it very confusing and hard to understand. The average person does not get the necessary information from doctors. Without knowledge and facts, it is impossible to understand what autism really is. Let´s look at some facts about autism.
It's estimate that as many as 1 in 150 children have Autism. And it's the fastest growing development disability in the US, increasing in the US alone by 172% in the 1990s. Boys are 3-4 times more likely to get autism them girls. Autism is a complex developmental disorder that shows itself mostly in early years, with delays in skills. Children with Autism generally display difficulties in three main areas:
Autism is one of the five pervasive developmental disorders (PDD), which are characterized by widespread abnormalities of social interactions and communication, and severely restricted interests and highly repetitive behavior.
Autism has a strong genetic basis, but autism cannot be single gene mutation. Environmental factors can also cause autism, but the studies are still in very early stages. Certain foods, infectious disease, heavy metals, solvents, diesel exhaust, PCBs, phthalates and phenols used in plastic products, pesticides, brominated flame retardants, alcohol, smoking, illicit drugs, vaccines, prenatal stress are also being studied and researched.
Families that find out, that their child has autism find it very hard to accept. It is like a bomb going off and their whole lives take a much different path. The trauma of autism can be very severe because it is chronic and affects the family over the entire lifespan of the child. Behaviors of children with autism frequently add to the trauma the family experiences. Many autistic children will cry and tantrum incessantly, break things, injure themselves, and shriek at high pitches, in many cases because they cannot communicate or because of the pain caused by their environment.
The child with autism has no physical characteristics to indicate that there is a disability. When the family attempts to go out in public, the other members may be embarrassed if the autistic child enacts bizarre behaviors. Many uninformed people tend to blame the child's parents for these unusual behaviors.