Green Technology (greentech) also known as environmental technology (envirotech) and clean technology (cleantech) is the integration of modern technology and environmental science to better preserve the global environment and its natural resources and to mitigate the negative effects of human activity on the planet . Greentech is centered on sustainable development. It is a realm of new innovations that aim to make changes in everyday living. It can be considered to still be in its developmental stages and is still crawling its way into the market dominated by products and services that do not take the environment into consideration when trying to provide for the consumer's wants and needs. Growing awareness of the dire state the planet is in however have caused the delegation of massive resources to the research and development of cleaner technologies which raises hope for great advancements on the said field.
Aims of Green Technology
Green Technology is considered as the future of society because we cannot go on using harmful technologies that cause negative impacts on the environment and every form of life that depends on the planet for sustenance. We humans who are supposed to be caretakers of the planet are taking it into a path towards desolation and death. Greentech aims to find and develop ways of providing man's needs without causing damage to environment or depleting the planets natural resources too fast. Hence it provides alternatives to conventional technologies that can present almost the same level of satisfaction but with significant reduction in the negative effects to the environment.
Promoting recycling is also another goal of Green Technology through providing product alternatives that are reusable and recyclable hence significantly reducing the amount of waste and pollution that is produced during man's production and consumption of his wants and needs.
Types of Green Technology
This is the most pressing issue that needs to be intervened by greentech. Conventional forms of energy generation such as fossil fuels like coal and oil produce huge amounts of pollutants when they are extracted and combusted. Almost all of the world's air pollution is energy related. Air pollution leads to global warming and climate change. Fossil fuels are also limited and it may just be a matter of time before they are depleted. Finding and developing renewable sources of energy that will never run out is therefore one of the priorities of greentech.
Designing and constructing buildings and infrastructure in such a way that they help conserve natural resources is also classified as Green Technology. An example of a green building is one which is built in such a way that it can keep itself cool during the day and warm during the night thus effectively reducing or even eliminating the need for heating and cooling systems.
3. Preferred Purchasing
Green technology advocates the use of a variety of techniques that enable a consumer to fund products and a manufacturer to find methods of production that have the least negative impact to the environment. General conduct of environmentally preferred purchases will prompt producers and sellers to shift to the green side of the market.
Greentech also searches for chemical products that can reduce or eliminate already existent harm to the environment such as oil spills.
Greentech aims to develop innovations that can integrate green principles to nanotechnology.