Greenhouse phenomena are part of human activities. These kinds of activities will continue to affect the climate, long after any solution to the energy crisis has been found. The question here is what kind of ‘Energy Policy’ should be implemented and what kind of energy, therefore, we should all use to reduce greenhouse emission? Before it is too late!
Collective global effort should be directed first from the base i.e. from each country with its own initiative, according to its own ability. From the base, we can move to a collective group of countries such as the European Union, the African Union, the Arab league, G8, the Asian Group and so on. Then this should be followed by a higher umbrella such as the United Nations. Ultimately, the UN should have a vital and effective role in dealing with international issues such as global warming.
The climate will continue to change as emissions at the present are increasing and will continue to do so for sometime to come. The economy will take a new direction according to the degree/speed of the climate changes taking place. The economy may hit a low ground following the above changes but that depend not just on what is happening concerning global warming, but on how various countries try to adapt themselves and their economy to the new environmental situation in the future.
The cost can be distributed according to the amount of CO2 being emitted by each country. Poorer countries, generally speaking, have lower emissions of CO2 gas than more industrialised countries. Therefore, a fair way of distributing the above cost would be tabled according to this category.
The cost will be always lower if nations act together dealing with an international issues such as this one.
As the world population increase, the demand for energy will increase respectively. The USA and other so-called ’emerging economies’, will, due to their new and expanding development, simply require more use of energy to achieve their demand and targets. The global demand for energy by 2030, according to the figures in this statement, means double the rate of fossil fuel production in order to be able to achieve the above target. From fossil fuel reserves, as well as from a technical point of view, this may not be possible to achieve within two decades. If this is the case, what is the solution? Is renewable energy the answer for this kind of demand? And how this possibly can be achieved within the above time scale?!
The cost in finding ways to reduce the emissions of fossil fuels can run into huge sum of money and it can take long time to find the solution we are looking for. The best way is to spend this huge sum of money on the development of other environmentally friendly sources of energy. As all the statistics and data available at the present time indicate, the reserve of oil and natural gas will be reduced drastically within the next two decades. On the other hand, coal reserves may last much longer than these two fossil fuels. However, we must remember that oil and natural gas are the life-line of various energy needs across the globe at the present time and in the not too distant future.