MADISON, Wisc. — Returning home along a snow-lined road last month, 73-year-old Mary Frahm had just dropped off her son for work when her car started acting bizarrely — the dashboard lights were flashing, the windshield wipers started up on their own, the speedometer was “going crazy” and the vehicle was losing power.
As regulators rewrite Wisconsin’s nearly 20-year-old rules on customer-owned electricity generation, clean energy advocates worry they are not addressing flaws that allow utility companies to stymie rooftop solar installations.
After pulling over on Highway AB in the town of Dunn, Wisconsin, the McFarland, Wisconsin, resident phoned her fiancé to report that her 2009 Dodge Journey was “acting up” again, an occasional electrical problem with the vehicle she’d owned the past four years. This time, though, she couldn’t unlock the doors, even with her key fob, and the windows wouldn’t roll down, according to a Dane County (Wisconsin) sheriff’s report.
En route to help her, Frahm’s fiancé got another call from Frahm, this one more urgent. Smoke was now seeping out of the dashboard, and she could smell burning, the report stated.
He told her to call 911, which she did. But before first responders had arrived at the scene, flames had engulfed the vehicle, with Frahm still locked inside.
The Dane County medical examiner declared Frahm dead at the scene but has not released a cause of death in the Dec. 9 incident.
Frahm “babied” her car, including staying on top of its standard maintenance, her fiancé told a sheriff’s officer on the scene.
An investigation revealed that the vehicle had a Totally Integrated Power Module, or TIPM, a part installed in some older Chrysler vehicles that has been in the crosshairs of an auto safety group and litigation but deemed safe by federal authorities.
A sort of command center for a vehicle’s electrical system, TIPMs can sometimes go on the blink, causing windshield wipers and windows to malfunction or forcing a vehicle to shut down altogether, according to a class-action lawsuit against Chrysler.
Chrysler recalled nearly 17,000 Dodge Journeys from that year over concerns that parts of the TIPM could “become contaminated, potentially causing the connector to melt and/or catch fire.”
But Frahm’s vehicle was not subject to that recall or any other, according to a
search of her vehicle identification number.
To avoid compromising any possible civil legal proceedings, Dane County Sheriff’s Detective William Hendrickson said he did not move or touch any vehicle parts in an attempt to find a cause of the fire, according to the sheriff’s report. He said his investigation revealed that the vehicle had a TIPM, which “had a documented history of possibly shorting out or causing some sort of an electrical or mechanical abnormality with the vehicles.”
Hendrickson said in the report that witness statements, the vehicle condition and comments from Frahm before her death “certainly suggested some sort of issue with the vehicle and not the involvement of a third party.”
Eric Mayne, a spokesperson for
Stellantis, which owns Chrysler, said the company was not aware of other incidents similar to what happened to Frahm.
“We extend our deepest sympathies to the family and friends of Ms. Frahm,” Mayne said. “We were unaware of this tragic event.”
Frahm was well known to the area’s autism and cognitive disability community. Her son, who is now in his 50s, has Down syndrome.
At the time of his birth, those with Down syndrome often didn’t live past childhood, but Frahm was resolute that “this isn’t going to happen to my son,” her sister Jill Raschein said.
Mary Frahm’s burned vehicle sits on the side of a town of Dunn roadway. The vehicle’s electrical system has been the subject of federal litigation that Chrysler settled by recalling other vehicles with similar parts. Frahm’s car was not subject to any recalls.
DANE COUNTY SHERIFF’S OFFICE
“Mary was really a groundbreaker for Down syndrome in the Madison area,” Raschein said.
For decades, Frahm spent much of her time working with community organizations. Beyond the Special Olympics, she helped secure funding for a Gigi’s Playhouse location in Madison and volunteered for the Shared Table Community Meal at McFarland Lutheran Church.
Frahm’s family has hired a lawyer and experts to look into what happened to her car that day.
Eric Haag, the family’s attorney, said the results of the investigation will determine whether the family has a lawsuit to bring against the vehicle manufacturer.
“Obviously, cars aren’t supposed to catch on fire, and they’re not supposed to exhibit the kinds of whacko behavior that’s described in the report,” Haag said.
TIPMs in other Chrysler vehicles got the auto manufacturer hit with a class-action lawsuit in 2014 alleging that the car company misled vehicle owners about defects in the power system.
The lawsuit was settled after Chrysler recalled Jeep Grand Cherokee and Dodge Durango vehicles from 2011 to 2013.
According to court records, alleged TIPM defects in some 2011 and 2012 Jeep and Dodge models included vehicles stalling in traffic, and headlights and windshield wipers activating on their own.
The Center for Auto Safety, a consumer advocacy group, saw a more-pervasive issue with TIPMs at the time, and
in 2014 petitioned the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration to recall Chrysler SUVs, trucks and vans from 2007 to 2014. TIPM issues with other Chrysler vehicles included lights, windshield wipers and windows activating and doors locking on their own.
“These owners remain at the mercy of a defect which many have likened to the vehicle being possessed and uncontrollable,” the center said in its petition.
About 4.7 million vehicles, including about 157,000 2009 Dodge Journeys, had a TIPM-7, the part subject to the class-action suit.
In addition, the center unsuccessfully tried to unseal documents from the class-action suit against Chrysler.
The NHTSA ultimately found that a further probe of TIPMs was “not warranted” and that allegations of TIPMs causing airbag non-deployment, unintended acceleration or fire were “wholly without merit based on review of the field data and design of the relevant systems and components.”
The specific issue with TIPMs stemming from the class-action suit impacted only 11% of the 4.7 million vehicles with TIPM-7s and “has been addressed by safety recalls,” the NHTSA said.
In an interview, Michael Brooks, the Center for Auto Safety’s executive director, said that during the group’s battles over TIPMs, the center never found a case like Frahm’s. He called her incident something “inevitable that we thought would happen.”
“It’s harder to track fires and fatalities that occur if they’re not collision-related,” Brooks said, noting that fires rarely prevent electrical systems from being able to open a vehicle’s doors.
A lack of federal standards on the quality of electronics that go into vehicles makes it harder to regulate the auto industry, Brooks said, particularly at a time when vehicle software and electronics are becoming ubiquitous.
Search for recalls
Drivers can search if their vehicle has been recalled by entering their vehicle identification number (VIN) at vinrcl.safercar.gov/vin .
2022 in review: The year in photos
Vehicles rest on a bridge in Pittsburgh following its collapse on Jan. 28, 2022. Rescuers had to rappel nearly 150 feet (45 meters), while others formed a human chain to help rescue people from a dangling bus. (AP Photo/Gene J. Puskar)
Gene J. Puskar
Flames engulf a chair inside a burning home as the Oak Fire burns in Mariposa County, Calif., on July 23, 2022. (AP Photo/Noah Berger)
Anti-abortion advocates celebrate outside the Supreme Court in Washington on June 24, 2022, following the court’s decision to end constitutional protections for abortion that had been in place nearly 50 years. (AP Photo/Steve Helber)
Ukrainian emergency workers and volunteers carry an injured pregnant woman from a maternity hospital damaged by an airstrike in Mariupol, Ukraine, on March 9, 2022. The woman was taken to another hospital, but did not survive. (AP Photo/Evgeniy Maloletka)
Britain’s King Charles III, second right, Camilla, the Queen Consort, right, and Anne, Princess Royal, left, leave after paying their respects to Queen Elizabeth II in Westminster Hall while she lies in state, in London on Sept. 14, 2022. (AP Photo/Emilio Morenatti)
A girl wearing a face mask runs away from a replica of a gorilla at park in Hong Kong on May 9, 2022. (AP Photo/Kin Cheung)
A civilian wears a Vladimir Putin mask as a spoof, while a Ukrainian soldier stands atop a destroyed Russian tank in Bucha, Ukraine, outside of Kyiv, on April 7, 2022. (AP Photo/Rodrigo Abd)
Yurii Voitenko plays with the dolphin named Zeus through an underwater viewing window fortified with sand bags in the pool of the dolphinarium Nemo in Kharkiv, Ukraine, on Sept. 21, 2022. (AP Photo/Leo Correa)
Wind whips embers from a burning tree during a wildfire near Hemet, Calif., on Sept. 6, 2022. (AP Photo/Ringo H.W. Chiu)
Ringo H.W. Chiu
Matej Svancer of Austria trains ahead of the men’s freestyle skiing big air qualification round of the 2022 Winter Olympics in Beijing on Feb. 7, 2022. (AP Photo/Matt Slocum)
A steam train drives through a forest, destroyed by the bark beetle and drought, in the Harz mountains near the train station at Schierke, Germany, on Oct. 23, 2022. (AP Photo/Matthias Schrader)
The annual Tribute in Light is illuminated above Lower Manhattan in New York on the 21st anniversary of 9/11 on Sept. 11, 2022. (AP Photo/Julia Nikhinson)
People walk through an exhibit simulating sea pollution during the 11th edition of the Technopolis science, technology, industry and art exhibit in Buenos Aires, Argentina, on July 17, 2022. (AP Photo/Natacha Pisarenko)
A person walks past homes damaged in a rocket attack earlier in the morning on Aug. 16, 2022, in Kramatorsk, eastern Ukraine, as Russian shelling continued to hit towns and villages in Donetsk province. (AP Photo/David Goldman)
Lau Florit trains his horse for the Sant Joan Festival in Ciutadella, Spain, on June 22, 2022. (AP Photo/Joan Mateu Parra)
Joan Mateu Parra
The U.S. Navy Drill Team, lead by Lt. Stephan Acevedo, performs during the Joint Service Drill-Off competition at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington on Oct. 19, 2022. (AP Photo/Carolyn Kaster)
A woman looks at the ruins of a Palestinian house demolished by the Jerusalem municipality in the east Jerusalem neighborhood of Sheikh Jarrah on Jan. 19, 2022. Israeli police evicted Palestinian residents from the disputed property and demolished the building, days after a tense standoff. (AP Photo/Mahmoud Illean)
A boy cools off in a public fountain in Vilnius, Lithuania, during a heat wave on June 26, 2022. (AP Photo/Mindaugas Kulbis)
Tom Cruise, center, gestures upon arriving at the premiere of the film “Top Gun: Maverick” at the 75th international film festival in Cannes, France, on May 18, 2022. (AP Photo/Petros Giannakouris)
First responders salute as a U.S. flag is unfurled at the Pentagon in Washington at sunrise on Sept. 11, 2022, on the 21st anniversary of the 9/11 terrorist attacks. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)
A tribute to Queen Elizabeth II is reflected on a taxi at Piccadilly Circus in London on Sept. 9, 2022, the day after she died at the age of 96. (AP Photo/Bernat Armangue)
Ukrainian soldiers fire artillery at Russian positions near Bakhmut, Donetsk region, Ukraine, on Nov. 20, 2022. (AP Photo/LIBKOS)
The bow of the Soviet submarine K-3 Leninsky Komsomol is transported on a platform along the street from the pier to the museum, where it will be assembled with the stern, in the city of Kronstadt, outside St. Petersburg, Russia, on Oct. 12, 2022. K-3 Leninsky Komsomol, built in 1957, was the Soviet Union’s first nuclear submarine. (AP Photo/Dmitri Lovetsky)
A family walks in the rain in search of shelter on Sept. 27, 2022, after Hurricane Ian flooded their home in Pinar del Rio, Cuba. (AP Photo/Ramon Espinosa)
A mother and her two daughters embrace while visiting a memorial at a town square in Uvalde, Texas, on May 31, 2022, to pay their respects to the victims killed in the previous week’s elementary school shooting. (AP Photo/Jae C. Hong)
Jae C. Hong
A 9-year-old girl works in a brick factory on the outskirts of Kabul, Afghanistan, on Aug. 20, 2022. Aid agencies say the number of children working in Afghanistan is growing ever since the economy collapsed following the Taliban takeover more than a year ago. (AP Photo/Ebrahim Noroozi)
A resident wounded in a Russian attack lies in an ambulance before being taken to a hospital in Kherson, Ukraine, on Nov. 24, 2022. (AP Photo/Bernat Armangue)
Cadets practice with gas masks during a lesson in a bomb shelter on the first day of school at a cadet lyceum in Kyiv, Ukraine, on Sept. 1, 2022. (AP Photo/Efrem Lukatsky)
Ukrainians huddle under a destroyed bridge as they try to flee by crossing the Irpin River on the outskirts of Kyiv, Ukraine, on March 5, 2022. (AP Photo/Emilio Morenatti)
A young boy runs towards a United Nations helicopter carrying Under-Secretary-General for Peace Operations Jean Pierre Lacroix before it lands in Bunia, eastern Congo, on Feb. 22, 2022. (AP Photo/Moses Sawasawa)
A jet ski steers away from a crashing wave during a big wave surfing session at Praia do Norte, or North Beach, in Nazare, Portugal, on Feb. 25, 2022. (AP Photo/Armando Franca)
Firefighters wait for water as a fire rages in the low income neighborhood of Laguna Verde, in Iquique, Chile, on Jan. 10, 2022. (AP Photo/Ignacio Munoz)
A girl has her make up done before the “Las llamadas” carnival parade in Montevideo, Uruguay, on Feb. 10, 2022. (AP Photo/Matilde Campodonico)
Workers clean oil from Cavero beach in Ventanilla, Callao, Peru, on Jan. 18, 2022. The Peruvian Civil Defense Institute said the eruption of an undersea volcano in Tonga created high waves that moved a ship loading oil into La Pampilla refinery, causing the oil to spill. (AP Photo/Martin Mejia)
Goats graze in east Jerusalem with Israel’s separation barrier in the background, surrounding Shuafat refugee camp, on March 8, 2022. (AP Photo/Oded Balilty)
A paper cut-out of a horse peeks out from a stand of prickly pear cactus at a park in Tel Aviv on Feb. 5, 2022. (AP Photo/Oded Balilty)
Lexie Stroiney, 6, curls up in the plethysmography chamber during a break in her pulmonary function test at Children’s National Hospital in Washington on Jan. 26, 2022. Lexie had COVID-19 and is part of a NIH-funded multi-year study to look at impacts of COVID-19 on children’s physical health and quality of life. (AP Photo/Carolyn Kaster)
Dancers Robert Carter, right, and Ugo Cirri from the comedy drag ballet company Les Ballets Trockadero de Monte Carlo pose for the cameras in the Italian Gardens of Kensington Gardens in London on Sept. 1, 2022. (AP Photo/Alastair Grant)
A surfer rides a wave at Blacks Beach in San Diego on Jan. 12, 2022, as a round of large surf made its way into the region. (AP Photo/Gregory Bull)
Migrants run on Spanish territory after crossing the fences separating the Spanish enclave of Melilla from Morocco in Melilla, Spain, Friday, June 24, 2022. (AP Photo/Javier Bernardo)
Bullfighter Jesus Colombo adjusts his “montera” before entering the bullring at the end of the bullfight at the San Fermin Festival in Pamplona, northern Spain, on July 11, 2022. (AP Photo/Alvaro Barrientos)
A motorcyclist carries three young woman as he performs a wheelie on his motorbike during an exhibition in the Chapellin neighborhood of Caracas, Venezuela, on June 12, 2022. (AP Photo/Matias Delacroix)
Rescue workers observe as a Russian Orthodox believer dips into icy water during a traditional Epiphany celebration in St. Petersburg, Russia, on Jan. 18, 2022. (AP Photo/Dmitri Lovetsky)
Scotland’s Micky Yule reacts after a successful lift during the men’s heavyweight para powerlifting final at the Commonwealth Games in Birmingham, England, on Aug. 4, 2022. (AP Photo/Aijaz Rahi)
A guard marches outside Buckingham Palace in London on Sept. 11, 2022. Queen Elizabeth II, Britain’s longest-reigning monarch and a rock of stability across much of a turbulent century, died on Sept. 8, 2022, after 70 years on the throne. She was 96. (AP Photo/Felipe Dana)
Chris Martin, lead singer of the British rock band Coldplay, performs during the Rock in Rio music festival in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, on Sept. 11, 2022. (AP Photo/Bruna Prado)
Members of Florida Task Force 2 urban search and rescue gain access to a home through a broken upper window to confirm the home is clear of people and human remains, a week after the passage of Hurricane Ian, in Fort Myers Beach, Fla., on Oct. 5, 2022. (AP Photo/Rebecca Blackwell)
Rescuers attempt to save a 5-year-old boy who fell into a hole in the village of Ighran in Morocco’s Chefchaouen province on Feb. 4, 2022. The boy, trapped for days in the dark depths of a well, did not survive. (AP Photo/Mosa’ab Elshamy)
A supporter of Republican nominee for U.S Senate Herschel Walker leaves a campaign rally on Nov. 10, 2022, in Canton, Ga., as Walker’s campaign gears up for a runoff with incumbent Democrat Raphael Warnock. (AP Photo/John Bazemore)
Migrants in a wooden boat float in the Mediterranean Sea south of the Italian island of Lampedusa on Aug. 11, 2022. (AP Photo/Francisco Seco)
A farm worker rests on his employer’s cow, which he cares for during the Rural Society’s annual exposition in Buenos Aires, Argentina, on July 21, 2022. (AP Photo/Natacha Pisarenko)
Peole walk through floodwaters after heavy rainfall in Hadeja, Nigeria, on Sept 19, 2022. Nigeria is battling its worst floods in a decade. (AP Photo)
A protester carries a piece of wood simulating a weapon during a protest demanding the resignation of Prime Minister Ariel Henry in the Petion-Ville area of Port-au-Prince, Haiti, on Oct. 3, 2022. (AP Photo/Odelyn Joseph)
A devotee dressed as a Roman soldier whips a penitent playing the role of one of two thieves sentenced to be crucified alongside Jesus Christ, during the Via Crucis or Way of the Cross reenactment in the Petare neighborhood of Caracas, Venezuela, on Good Friday, April 15, 2022. (AP Photo/Matias Delacroix)
Jared Cannonier is hit by Israel Adesanya in a middleweight title bout during the UFC 276 mixed martial arts event Saturday, July 2, 2022, in Las Vegas. (AP Photo/John Locher)
People watch a plume of smoke rise from the Matanzas supertanker base, where a deadly fire started during a thunderstorm the night before in Matanzas, Cuba, on Aug. 7, 2022. (AP Photo/Ramon Espinosa)
A girl rides a horse during Tradition Day, aimed at preserving gaucho traditions, in San Antonio de Areco, Argentina, on Nov. 13, 2022. (AP Photo/Natacha Pisarenko)
A sign posted by the Egyptian ministry of environment promotes the 2022 United Nations global summit on climate change, known as COP27, on Peace Road in Sharm el-Sheikh, South Sinai, Egypt, on Nov. 3, 2022. (AP Photo/Thomas Hartwell)
Nomadic women milk their hardy Himalayan goats that produce cashmere in the remote Kharnak village in the cold desert region of Ladakh, India, on Sept. 17, 2022. (AP Photo/Mukhtar Khan)
Arsha Begum receives the Covishield vaccine for COVID-19 from Fozia, a healthcare worker, during a COVID-19 vaccination drive in Budgam, southwest of Srinagar, Indian controlled Kashmir, on Jan. 11, 2022. (AP Photo/Dar Yasin)
Children play in the Catia neighborhood of Caracas, Venezuela, on Jan. 2, 2022. (AP Photo/Matias Delacroix)
A Taliban fighter stands guard at the site of an explosion in front of a school in Kabul, Afghanistan, on April 19, 2022. It was one of several deadly explosions that have targeted educational institutions in Afghanistan’s capital. (AP Photo/Ebrahim Noroozi)
A man recovers items from a burning shop following a Russian attack in Kharkiv, Ukraine, on March 25, 2022. (AP Photo/Felipe Dana)
President Joe Biden walks to his motorcade after speaking to reporters at Andrews Air Force Base, Md., on Jan. 28, 2022. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)
A woman shouting anti-government slogans holds an umbrella surrounded by clouds of smoke during a demonstration in Buenos Aires, Argentina, to protest the government’s agreement with the International Monetary Fund to refinance some $45 billion in debt on March 10, 2022. (AP Photo/Rodrigo Abd)
A girl uses a kerosine oil lamp to attend online lessons during a power cut brought on by a fuel shortage in Colombo, Sri Lanka, on March 4, 2022. (AP Photo/Eranga Jayawardena)
Communist party supporters hold portraits of Josef Stalin and Vladimir Lenin as they gather during the national celebration of the “Defender of the Fatherland Day” near the Kremlin in Moscow’s Revolution Square on Feb. 23, 2022. (AP Photo/Alexander Zemlianichenko)
Revelers dressed as “Mascaritas” take part in a traditional carnival celebration in the small village of Luzon, Spain, on Feb. 26, 2022. Preserved records from the fourteenth century document Luzon’s carnival, but the real origin of the tradition could be much older. (AP Photo/Manu Fernandez)
People throng President Gotabaya Rajapaksa’s official residence in Colombo, Sri Lanka, on July 11, 2022, the day after it was stormed by protesters demanding his resignation amid the country’s worst economic crisis in recent memory. (AP Photo/Rafiq Maqbool)
People from the Donetsk and Luhansk regions, the territory in eastern Ukraine controlled by pro-Russia separatist governments, watch Russian President Vladimir Putin’s address at their temporary place in Russia’s Rostov-on-Don region on Feb. 21, 2022. (AP Photo/Denis Kaminev)
JoAnn Daniels, left, accompanied by Kayla Jones, second from right, Donell Jones, right, and other family members, takes a moment to gather her thoughts during an interview with The Associated Press about her sister Celestine Chaney, who was killed in Saturday’s shooting at a supermarket in Buffalo, N.Y., Monday, May 16, 2022. (AP Photo/Matt Rourke)
Women, one wearing a traditional Basutu hat, take a selfie during a visit to the Afriski ski resort near Butha-Buthe, Lesotho, on July 30, 2022. Afriski in the Maluti Mountains is Africa’s only operating ski resort south of the equator. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)
The body of a dead addict lies covered by a shawl in an area inhabited by drug users under a bridge in Kabul, Afghanistan, on June 15, 2022. Drug addiction has long been a problem in Afghanistan, the world’s biggest producer of opium and heroin. (AP Photo/Ebrahim Noroozi)
Bodies are lowered into a mass grave on the outskirts of Mariupol, Ukraine, on March 9, 2022, as people cannot bury their dead because of the heavy shelling by Russian forces. (AP Photo/Evgeniy Maloletka)
Israeli police clash with mourners as they carry the coffin of slain Al Jazeera journalist Shireen Abu Akleh during her funeral in east Jerusalem, on May 13, 2022. Abu Akleh, a Palestinian-American reporter who covered the Mideast conflict for more than 25 years, was shot dead two days earlier during an Israeli military raid in the West Bank town of Jenin. (AP Photo/Maya Levin)
Jennica Secuya swims in her mermaid suit during a mermaiding class in Mabini, Batangas province, Philippines, on May 22, 2022. (AP Photo/Aaron Favila)
A woman adjusts her hat before the 148th running of the Kentucky Derby horse race at Churchill Downs in Louisville, Ky., on May 7, 2022. (AP Photo/Charlie Riedel)
Mahtab, an 8-year-old Hazara Shiite student, poses for a photo in her classroom at the Abdul Rahim Shaheed School in Kabul, Afghanistan, on April 23, 2022, days after a bombing attack at the school. (AP Photo/Ebrahim Noroozi)
An injured protester cries in pain after police fire tear gas to disperse an anti-government protest in Colombo, Sri Lanka, on May 19, 2022. The protesters were demanding the resignation of President Gotabaya Rajapaksa, holding him responsible for the country’s worst economic crisis in recent memory. (AP Photo/Eranga Jayawardena)
Motria Oleksiienko, 99 years old and traumatized by the Russian occupation, is comforted by her daughter-in-law, Tetiana Oleksiienko, in a room without heating in the village of Andriivka, Ukraine, as heavy fighting continues between Russian and Ukrainian forces, on April 6, 2022. (AP Photo/Vadim Ghirda)
Relatives and friends attend the funeral ceremony for 4-year-old Liza, who was killed by a Russian attack along with 22 others, in Vinnytsia, Ukraine, on July 17, 2022. (AP Photo/Efrem Lukatsky)
Relatives carry a casket with the remains of Joselin Chacón Lobo, known as “Chispita,” before the start of her funeral procession in Amatitlan, Guatemala, on July 3, 2022. Chacón Lobo had been missing for almost two months and was found buried at a clandestine site along with her husband, Nelson Estiven Villatoro, who also worked as a clown. (AP Photo/Moises Castillo)
Anastasia Ohrimenko, 26, is comforted by relatives and friends as she mourns the loss of her husband, Yury Styglyuk, a Ukrainian serviceman who died in combat on August 24 in Maryinka, Donetsk, during his funeral in Bucha, Ukraine, on Aug. 31, 2022. (AP Photo/Emilio Morenatti)
A woman is baptized during the ReAwaken America Tour at Cornerstone Church in Batavia, N.Y., on Aug. 12, 2022. In the version of America laid out at the ReAwaken tour, Christianity is at the center of American life and institutions, it’s under attack, and attendees need to fight to restore and protect the nation’s Christian roots. (AP Photo/Carolyn Kaster)
Spectators watch from a classic Citroen 2CV car as the pack passes during the second stage of the Tour de France cycling race over 202.5 kilometers (125.8 miles) with start in Roskilde and finish in Nyborg, Denmark, Saturday, July 2, 2022. (AP Photo/Daniel Cole)
A passenger looks out onto the platform from a northbound train at the 36th Street subway station in the Brooklyn borough of New York on April 13, 2022, the day after a shooting attack happened there during the morning commute. (AP Photo/John Minchillo)
Serena Williams, of the United States, prepares to serve against Anett Kontaveit, of Estonia, during the second round of the U.S. Open tennis tournament in New York on Aug. 31, 2022. (AP Photo/Seth Wenig)
Community members stand over suspected illegal gold miners after beating them and stripping them naked before police arrested them near Krugersdorp, South Africa, on Aug. 4, 2022. The men were beaten with sticks and their camps set ablaze following the alleged gang rapes of eight women by miners the week before. (AP Photo/Denis Farrell)
A protester sits at the desk of Sri Lankan Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe after storming his office in Colombo, Sri Lanka, on July 13, 2022. The protesters demanded Wickremesinghe’s resignation following the departure of president Gotabaya Rajapaksa, who fled the country amid the economic crisis. (AP Photo/ Photo/Rafiq Maqbool)
Supporters of former President Donald Trump line up behind Sen. Ted Cruz, R-Texas, to pose for photos during a book signing at the Conservative Political Action Conference (CPAC) in Dallas, on Aug. 5, 2022. (AP Photo/LM Otero)
Workers put a dead crane into a bag at the Hula Lake conservation area in northern Israel on Jan. 2, 2022. A bird flu outbreak killed thousands of migratory cranes in what authorities say was the deadliest wildlife disaster in the nation’s history. (AP Photo/Ariel Schalit)
A heart-shaped balloon flies decorating a memorial site outside Robb Elementary School in Uvalde, Texas, Monday, May 30, 2022. Nineteen children and two teachers were killed by an 18-year-old gunman at the school last week. (AP Photo/Wong Maye-E)
A young cowboy wearing a mask as a precaution against the spread of COVID-19 looks at other competitors during the Boyeros Cattlemen’s fair rodeo at the International Agricultural Fair Fiagrop 2022 in Havana, Cuba, Friday, April 8, 2022. (AP Photo/Ramon Espinosa)
A woman wearing a face mask rides a bicycle in Beijing under a large television screen displaying Chinese state television news coverage of President Xi Jinping’s visit to Hong Kong to mark the 25th anniversary of Hong Kong’s return to China on July 1, 2022. (AP Photo/Mark Schiefelbein)
Villagers gather during a visit by Martin Griffiths, the United Nations Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs, in the village of Lomoputh in northern Kenya on May 12, 2022. Griffiths visited the area to see the effects of the drought which the U.N. says is a severe climate-induced humanitarian emergency in the Horn of Africa. (AP Photo/Brian Inganga)
Pope Francis is aided as he leaves the parish community of Sacred Heart in Edmonton, Alberta, after a meeting with Indigenous peoples on July 25, 2022. (AP Photo/Eric Gay)
Jenn Bennett, who is high on fentanyl, sits on her skateboard with a visible black eye as her friend, Jesse Williams, smokes the drug in Los Angeles on Aug. 9, 2022. Use of fentanyl, a synthetic opioid that is 50 times more potent than heroin, has exploded. Even a small dose can be fatal, and it has quickly become the deadliest drug in the nation, according to the Drug Enforcement Administration. (AP Photo/Jae C. Hong)
Jae C. Hong
Christian Orthodox bishops stand by the body of the late head of the Orthodox Church in Cyprus, Archbishop Chrysostomos II, during his funeral ceremony at Saint Barnabas Cathedral in Nicosia, Cyprus, on Nov. 12, 2022. (AP Photo/Petros Karadjias)
Members of the San Fermin Comparsa attend the final day of the San Fermin Festival in Pamplona, Spain, on July 14, 2022. (AP Photo/Alvaro Barrientos)
Bobby Rhinebolt, right, smokes a cigarette while sitting beside Victor Perez near a formerly sunken boat implanted upright in mud and now above the water line at the Lake Mead National Recreation Area, on June 22, 2022, near Boulder City, Nev. As the water level at the lake recedes, sunken boats and other debris are appearing along the shoreline. (AP Photo/John Locher)
Maasai waiting in line to cast their votes look through an open window at electoral officials inside a polling station at Niserian Primary School, in Kajiado County, Kenya, on Aug. 9, 2022. (AP Photo/Ben Curtis)
Natali Sevriukova cries in front of the building that was her home following a rocket attack in Kyiv, Ukraine, on Feb. 25, 2022. (AP Photo/Emilio Morenatti)
A visitor takes a selfie with the wax figure of Queen Elizabeth II and other royal family members at the wax museum in Mexico City, on Sept. 8, 2022. Queen Elizabeth II, Britain’s longest-reigning monarch, died Sept. 8 after 70 years on the throne. She was 96. (AP Photo/Fernando Llano)
Supporters of Kenyan opposition leader Raila Odinga celebrate developments at the electoral commission in the Kibera neighborhood of Nairobi, Kenya, on Aug. 15, 2022, as the country continued to wait for the results of the presidential election between Odinga and Deputy President William Ruto to succeed President Uhuru Kenyatta after a decade in power. (AP Photo/Ben Curtis)
Ukrainian family members reunite for the first time since Russian troops withdraw from the Kherson region in the village of Tsentralne, southern Ukraine, on Nov. 13, 2022. (AP Photo/Bernat Armangue)
Catherine, 70, holds a candle in the window of her home during a power outage in Borodyanka, Kyiv region, Ukraine, on Oct. 20, 2022, two days after Russian airstrikes cut power and water supplies to hundreds of thousands of Ukrainians. (AP Photo/Emilio Morenatti)
Germany’s Stephan Leyhe soars through the air during the Four Hills ski jumping tournament in Bischofshofen, Austria, on Jan. 5, 2022. (AP Photo/Matthias Schrader)
Fans congregate in front of the red carpet ahead of the film premiere of “Bones and All,” which stars Timothee Chalamet, during the 79th edition of the Venice Film Festival in Venice, Italy, on Sept. 2, 2022. (Photo by Vianney Le Caer/Invision/AP)
Vianney Le Caer
Seal hunter Wilbur Kuzuzuk drags a spotted seal, his only catch of the day, onto the edge of the lagoon in Shishmaref, Alaska, on Oct. 4, 2022. (AP Photo/Jae C. Hong)
Jae C. Hong
Dona Vicentina, 96, sits on her bed at home holding the image of Our Lady in Quilombo Mesquita, a community of descendants of slaves, during its traditional cultural-religious festival “Folia do Divino Espirito Santo,” in Cidade Ocidental, Brazil, 50 km (31 miles) from the capital Brasilia, on May 12, 2022. The festival has been held for more than 100 years on the eve of the anniversary of Brazil’s abolition of slavery, which occurred on May 13, 1888. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
A toy stands on a shelf in a house riddled with bullets from a gunbattle that left three dead on the outskirts of Srinagar, India, on March 16, 2022. (AP Photo/Dar Yasin)
An angry Muslim resident tells media to leave, alleging that they distort the facts, while Muslim-owned shops are demolished in New Delhi’s northwest Jahangirpuri neighborhood on April 20, 2022, days after violence shook the capital during a Hindu religious procession. Authorities on bulldozers razed a number of shops before India’s Supreme Court halted the demolitions. (AP Photo/Altaf Qadri)
Anatolii Virko plays a piano outside a house likely damaged after a Russian bombing in the village of Velyka Kostromka, Ukraine, on May 19, 2022. (AP Photo/Francisco Seco)
Ecuadorian migrants walk across the Darien Gap from Colombia into Panama, hoping to eventually reach the U.S., on Oct. 15, 2022. (AP Photo/Fernando Vergara)
Anton Gladun, 22, lies on his bed at the Third City Hospital, in Cherkasy, Ukraine, on May 5, 2022. Gladun, a military medic deployed on the front lines in eastern Ukraine, lost both legs and his left arm in a mine explosion on March 27. (AP Photo/Emilio Morenatti)
Volodymyr, 66, injured from a strike, sits on a chair in his damaged apartment in Kramatorsk, Donetsk region, eastern Ukraine, on July 7, 2022. (AP Photo/Nariman El-Mofty)
Models prepare for the Dieyingchongchong show by designer Dong Yaer for China Fashion Week in Beijing, on Sept. 7, 2022. (AP Photo/Ng Han Guan)
Ng Han Guan
A Ukrainian soldier reacts as he receives an injection during an evacuation of injured soldiers participating in the counteroffensive, near the retaken village of Shchurove, Ukraine, on Sept. 25, 2022. (AP Photo/Leo Correa)
Dirk Russell, who has medical issues, lies on the sofa in his waterlogged home, which was flooded in the aftermath of Hurricane Ian, on Pine Island, Fla., on Oct. 1, 2022. (AP Photo/Gerald Herbert)
Displaced people who have arrived at a camp wait for plot allocation on the outskirts of Dollow, Somalia, on Sept. 19, 2022. Somalia is in the midst of the worst drought anyone there can remember. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)
Children sleep on the floor of a school turned into a shelter after they were forced to leave their homes in Cite Soleil due to clashes between armed gangs, in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, on July 23, 2022. (AP Photo/Odelyn Joseph)
Kashmiri Shiite Muslim women mourn as they participate in a Muharram procession on Dal lake, near Srinagar, Indian controlled Kashmir, on Aug. 8, 2022. Muharram is a month of mourning in remembrance of the martyrdom of Imam Hussein, the grandson of Prophet Mohammed. (AP Photo/ Dar Yasin)
People listen as Abida Malik, sister of jailed Kashmiri separatist leader Yasin Malik, reads verses from the Quran from the window of her house in Srinagar, Indian controlled Kashmir, on May 25, 2022. (AP Photo/Mukhtar Khan)
Muslim pilgrims take a nap on the rocky hill known as the Mountain of Mercy, on the Plain of Arafat, during the annual hajj pilgrimage, near the holy city of Mecca, Saudi Arabia, on July 8, 2022. (AP Photo/Amr Nabil)
Victor Tejada and his dog cool off with water from a hydrant in the Skid Row area of Los Angeles on Aug. 31, 2022, amid excessive-heat warnings. (AP Photo/Jae C. Hong)
Jae C. Hong
Indian policemen detain a Kashmiri Shiite Muslim for participating in a religious procession during restrictions in Srinagar, Indian controlled Kashmir, on Aug. 7, 2022. (AP Photo/Mukhtar Khan)
Migrants wait along a border wall on Aug. 23, 2022, after crossing from Mexico near Yuma, Ariz. (AP Photo/Gregory Bull)
Pamela dos Santos Pereira, a 33-year-old mother of six, stands in her home’s doorway holding her one-month-old child Joao, with Debora, 4, and Issac, 6, in Brasiliandia, one of the poorest neighborhoods of Sao Paulo, Brazil, on Sept. 29, 2022. (AP Photo/Victor R. Caivano)
Victor R. Caivano
A skinny dog named Propaganda sleeps next to a truck owned by Alfredo Rosales that used to move Colombian coal across the border to Venezuela, in San Juan de Colon, Venezuela, on Aug. 4, 2022. Rosales said he had a fleet of over 50 trucks before the border was partially closed by the Venezuelan government in 2015, but had to downsize to four trucks and sell the rest as scrap as the coal import business dropped. (AP Photo/Matias Delacroix)
People sit in a shallow pool of water in the riverbed of the Jialing River, a tributary of the Yangtze, in southwestern China’s Chongqing Municipality, on Aug. 20, 2022. The landscape of Chongqing, a megacity that also takes in surrounding farmland and picturesque mountains, has been transformed by drought. (AP Photo/Mark Schiefelbein)